When Electron was built in 1904, it’s doubtful that the need for renewable energy resources, endangered species recovery, sustainable forestry and climate change were in the forefront of people’s minds. Yet 115 years later our daily news is rich in coverage of these topics, several reaching a critical time requiring immediate action.
Electron provides many human, fish & wildlife and natural resource benefits. As long as it rains and snows and water flows, hydropower will be a renewable energy resource. Several large area electric utilities have adopted policies to secure renewable energy only for their service areas. In Western Washington this means hydropower. As a run-of-river project, Electron does not use a large dam or reservoir for water storage, therefore there is no river valley inundation, loss of habitat, cultural or historical resources. The project does not stop sediment and woody debris transport or channel migration. Basic fish passage is provided for and will soon be further improved.
Electron does not require huge transmission towers and wide corridors to deliver power to the grid. Electron connects at the Electron Heights Substation approximately 1/3 mile from the Powerhouse. Electron would now be considered a source of “distributed generation."
The Electron Hydropower Project includes approximately 2200 acres of forest land and about 10 miles of river frontage and riparian corridor. These lands support sustainable forestry, protect the river shoreline, provide diversified habitat for fish & wildlife and maintain a scenic river corridor.
The water delivery flume is located predominately on pile bents so there is very little land re-grading. The flume occupies a narrow corridor and is only slightly visible from the opposite hillside. The service train on top of the flume provides maintenance and operational access without carving a separate road and grade into the hillside. No road means no concentrated storm-water surface run off.
Electron also takes care of fish. The Project includes a fish ladder for upstream passage and operation of a trap and haul facility for downstream passage that transports fish that have entered the flume to a release location downstream of the Powerhouse. The facility is managed by fisheries biologists and includes the counting, measuring and species identification of fish being transported. This data gathering helps biologists estimate the productivity and eventual returns of salmon to the river in ensuing years.
Electron is working to implement a new sediment and fish exclusion system at the intake that will prevent sediment and fish from entering the flume permanently. The exclusion system will return fish to the river immediately below the Diversion. Phase I of this project was permitted and began summer 2018 and will take a few years to fully implement. Upon completion, no fish will be able to enter the flume.
Electron works with the Puyallup Tribe to raise fish. Electron provides annual financial support that benefits Tribal fisheries programs. Electron has helped to maintain Tribal rearing ponds upstream of the Project. Electron has designed and intends to build a new salmon rearing pond on Ohop Creek for the Tribe to rear and release salmon. The project is awaiting permitting approval.
Electron will assist the Tribe in rebuilding two rearing ponds upstream of the Project in 2019 specifically for Chinook salmon. Electron will also build a Chinook rearing pond in conjunction with the Phase II sediment and fish exclusion facilities. Chinook salmon are the primary food for southern resident Orca whales. The Governor has prioritized the recovery of Orca whales.
Chinook salmon, Steelhead trout and Bull trout are all listed as threatened species that reside within the Project reach of the Puyallup River. Electron has initiated the development of a Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP) in 2018 as provided for in Section 10 of the Endangered Species Act to address the role of Electron in the long-term conservation of these species. Electron anticipates the HCP development, agency and stakeholder review and adoption process of the HCP to continue throughout 2019.
The Salmon Power program will let energy customers participate in Chinook salmon and Orca whale recovery.
Electron is uniquely positioned to meet present and future renewable energy and natural resource needs. Electron will be able to adjust naturally to future potential climate change. The Mt. Rainier and Puyallup watershed vicinity are anticipated to become warmer with more precipitation on average over the years. This would likely translate to less snow pack and more rain at lower elevations, with more severe storms. Mt Rainier is a major massif with extensive land area at higher elevations. It is anticipated that the mountain will receive more precipitation and that precipitation will be stored as snow and ice at higher elevations than that which presently melts on a seasonal basis. The net effect will be snow and ice storage will move up-slope, and Rainier has the area at higher elevation to take it all. Electron will continue to be a strong Summer power generator as well as the rest of the year.
Electron benefits include clean renewable energy, salmon enhancement, Orca recovery, sustainable forestry, wildlife habitat, historic preservation, low carbon footprint and adaptation to climate change. All of these attributes make Electron Hydro a strong renewable resource community partner!
Electron fish ladder